FTM Facial Gender Confirmation: Masculinizing the Face
For some FTM transmen, testosterone therapy on its own may not be enough to masculinize the face. Depending on the existing proportions of your facial features, facial masculinization surgery may be an effective adjunct to hormonal therapy. Masculinization surgery is comprised of a set of aesthetic and reconstructive surgical procedures that work to reshape female facial features to be more masculine. There are two types of individuals for whom masculinization surgery may be an ideal solution:
- Transgender individuals (transmen) undergoing female-to-male (FTM) transition
- Cisgender males (male assigned male at birth) wanting to appear more masculine. For example, a male who is born with a “weak chin” and wants a more chiseled and defined chin and jawline
How Is Facial Gender Confirmation Surgery Performed?
When an individual is seeking to undertake facial gender confirmation there are several categories of procedures that may be recommended depending on existing facial structures and aesthetic goals. These procedures fall under the categories of either:
- Plastic surgery (soft tissues)
- Craniofacial surgery (the underlying facial skeleton)
- Jaw surgery (orthognathic)
Typically, facial gender confirmation surgery is performed under general anesthetic as a long-format surgical operative session during which several procedures are performed either simultaneously or sequentially.