Tessier Facial Clefts

What are Tessier Facial Clefts?

Tessier facial clefts are a series of more severe facial clefts that involve more than just the lip and the upper jaw. A Tessier Cleft involves the mouth, cheeks, eyes, ears and forehead and may continue on into the hairline.

Tessier clefts are more severe and often include malformations to important structures including: the teeth, the tear ducts and eye orbits, and the base of the skull. A rare and unusual appearance may result from Tessier clefts, and surgery is critical for the individual to lead a normal life.

Macrostomia is a form of Tessier type 7 facial cleft and may often be repaired at a very young age to improve the appearance of the lips and mouth.

Surgical treatment for Tessier Facial Clefts.

Surgical treatment for Tessier clefts varies. There are 14 different types of facial clefts identified and surgery depends on the type of cleft. Treatment usually involves a combination of soft tissue and bone repair often followed by orthognathic surgery or LeFort III Surgery or Facial Bipartition Surgery or Orbital Box Osteotomy surgery.

Read more about the various types of facial clefts on Wikipedia’s Facial Cleft page.