Plagiocephaly (Flat Head Syndrome)
What is Plagiocephaly?
Plagiocephaly (also known as flat head syndrome) is a head shape problem that results from either coronal synostosis or from deformation of the skull due to pressure on one side of the skull. It is characterized by a flat spot on the back or one side of the head.
This deformation usually occurs because the child tends to sleep, or position itself, predominantly on the one side. This causes a flat spot and may often affect the position of the ear and or of the face.
Slight changes in your child’s skull shape are usually of no consequence and may be observed, and growth usually limits the amount of visible irregularities. However, in severe circumstances, it may be appropriate to consider helmet therapy for your child to make sure the head is as round as possible.
Most people have a significant amount of skull shape asymmetry and we simply don’t notice that on a day-to-day basis. Therefore, it should not be assumed that any residual asymmetry your child may have as an infant will be noticeable as an adult.
Plagiocephaly and Torticollis
Plagiocephaly may also be associated with children who have torticollis – a shortening or stiffness in some of the neck muscles. This causes difficulty with turning the head and makes it more likely to have a flat spot.
Treatments with physical therapy and surgery – as a last resort – are sometimes necessary to treat torticollis and improve the underlying condition.
Other treatments for your child would simply include positioning techniques to cause your child to sleep in a different position.